For conversions from raw score to letter grade, refer to End of Term Notes.
As a reminder from the course syllabus:
1). You need a C- or better to receive a passing grade if you're registered for the course Pass/Fail (S/N).
2). You must earn at least 50% of the lab points (120/240) and 50% of the observational project points (70/140) to pass the course.