Minnesota Institute for Astrophysics: Public Lecture Series
Minnesota Institute for Astrophysics
Thursday, October 12, 2017
John T. Tate Hall, Room B50
Abstract: Our Universe is comprised of far more than meets the eye. For 13.8 billion years, gravity has been creating enormous bound structures, the largest of which are clusters of galaxies. Modern telescopes are uncovering an astonishing variety of structures in these clusters which are invisible to the human eye — from X-ray emitting gas at 100s of millions of degrees, to supermassive black holes at the centers of cluster galaxies, to the popularized but not yet understood dark matter that holds everything together. Even the enigmatic dark energy plays a role in cluster formation. Our tour of clusters will start with the first recognition of curious concentrations of fuzzy objects in the sky to the latest discoveries using telescopes across the Earth and space.
|Apr 2017||Lindsay Glesener||Exploring the Mysteries of the Sun: Explosions on our Closest Star|
The Sun offers us a special window into the universe, allowing us to study the basic physics at work in many astronomical objects, but it is nearby and relatively easier to measure. Beyond this, there is a practical urgency to understanding the Sun because it is the driver of the space weather that surrounds and affects the Earth. Solar eruptions regularly hit the Earth's magnetic field with large amounts of energy, plasma, and radiation. The origin of these events lies in abrupt releases of magnetic energy on the Sun called solar flares. One of the largest events recorded was the Carrington flare of 1859, which would catastrophically disrupt modern technology if it were to happen today. In this talk, I will describe what we currently know about the physics behind flares and what we hope to learn in the future with new instruments that measure high-energy radiation. I’ll also explore the routes by which telescopes are tested on suborbital platforms before they finally become ready for the limelight aboard a NASA spacecraft.
|Oct 2016||Vuk Mandic||Observing the Universe with Gravitational Waves|
Advanced LIGO gravitational-wave detectors recently recorded the first signals coming from mergers of binary black hole systems, marking the beginning of gravitational-wave astronomy and astrophysics. For the first time we are able to observe and study the universe with gravitational waves, and to learn about objects never observed before. Dr. Mandic will describe the LIGO detectors and the events they recorded, and he will discuss the implications of these observations as well as expectations for future observations.
|Sep 2015||Chick Woodward||To the Stars We Will Go — The Worlds of Exoplanets|
The recent revolution of exoplanet detections by the NASA Kepler mission and ground-based searches for exoplanets has given way to a new understanding of how common place other worlds are in the Galaxy. Our prospective of astrobiology as suddenly blossomed. Highlighted, as part of this presentation, will be a review of how astronomers detected and characterize these exo-planets, using techniques at the Large Binocular Telescope Observatory and elsewhere, a reflection on the potential requirements of the habitability zones in exo-planetary system, highlights from NASA missions designed to search for alien worlds, and the surprises within our own solar systems of bodies that may harbor life at present of may have supported life in the past. Indeed, we may be at the point where "E.T. will phone home."
|Apr 2015||Lucy Fortson||To the Zooniverse and Beyond: How Crowdsourcing Science is Solving Big Data Problems in Astronomy|
Join Dr. Lucy Fortson, Associate Head and Associate Professor in the School of Physics and Astronomy, as she describes the wildly successful Galaxy Zoo project that led to the birth of the Zooniverse. Along the way, she will describe the issues that researchers now face with "Big Data," what crowdsourcing is and how it is revolutionizing how science is being done.
|Oct 2014||Clem Pryke||Birth of the Universe from the Bottom of the World|
At one time the origin and fate of the Universe in which we find ourselves was the subject of speculation by mystics and philosophers. Journey back in cosmic time to the first instant of the Big Bang and learn about the recent evidence for gravitational waves coming from the BICEP2 radio telescope located at the South Pole.